Floods in Sudan - Situation Report
Rains started to subside and flood waters are receding in Sudan, after months of heavy rainfall that left more than 875,000 people affected by unprecedented flooding.
Torrential downpours, landslides, flash and riverine ﬂooding have killed over 150 people and left a path of destruction in all states across the country, according to the Government's Humanitarian Aid Commission data.
More than 30 per cent of the water samples analyzed across 13 states were contaminated and the extensive damage to hundreds of water sources, the collapse of several thousands of latrines increase the likelihood of disease outbreaks.
Over 10 million people are now at risk of contracting water-borne diseases, and more than 4.5 million are exposed to vector-borne diseases, an increase of nearly 100 per cent if compared with April 2020.
Malaria cases have increased in seven localities of North Darfur and different parts of Sennar State. West Darfur reported nearly 100 cases of chikungunya, and hundreds of cases of viral haemorrhagic fever have been reported in Northern, River Nile, Kassala, Khartoum, Sennar and West Kordofan states.
Humanitarians are in a race against time to respond to the crisis and save lives, but the extremely low funding, especially for health and water, hygiene and sanitation services are hampering aid organizations’ capacity to operate.
Flood waters started to recede in most of Sudan, following several weeks of torrential downpours that have caused deaths, displacement, and massive destructions to key infrastructure and livelihoods across the country.
At least 155 people lost their lives and the number of people critically affected reached over 875,000 as of 6 October, according to the Government’s Humanitarian Aid Commission. Blue Nile, Khartoum, North Darfur, Sennar, and West Darfur states were particularly hit and more than 150,000 refugees and internally displaced people are amongst those affected, according to UNHCR.
The full impact of the unprecedented rainy season that led to the worst flooding Sudan faced in more than three decades is yet to be felt. The stagnant water, coupled with the extensive damages to hundreds of water sources and thousands of latrines, pose a serious risk to the health of people in Sudan now.
The number of people at risk of contracting any water-related diseases, including cholera and diarrhoea, increased from 5.6 million in April to more than 10 million in October 2020, due to the floods and other humanitarian challenges the country has been facing, impacting access to water, hygiene and sanitation. According to water monitoring exercises carried out across 13 states, more than 30 per cent of the water sources tested showed biological contamination.
In Sudan, more than 63 per cent of the population have no access to basic sanitation, 23 per cent do not have access to a handwashing facility with soap and water and 40 per cent do not have access to basic drinking water services. The situation is now worse for more than 40,000 people of Twakar, in Red Sea State, following the collapse of the main water station of the locality in the last weeks, and for more than 100,000 people in Blue Nile State, due to the collapse of the Bout Earth Dam at the end of July.
The risk of vector-borne disease, including malaria, dengue, chikungunya and Rift Valley Fever, all endemic in Sudan, also increases. Malaria cases have increased in seven localities of North Darfur and different parts of Sennar State. West Darfur reported nearly 100 cases of chikungunya, and hundreds of cases of viral haemorrhagic fever have been reported in Northern, River Nile, Kassala, Khartoum, Sennar and West Kordofan states.
The already fragile food security situation in Sudan is likely to be compromised due to the ongoing floods, following the destruction of thousands of hectares of crops just before the harvest. The situation is especially concerning for farmers in different parts of River Nile State, where nearly 120,000 people are severely food insecure, according to the latest Integrated Food Security Phase Classification analysis. Across the state, around 36 per cent of farms are still flooded, according to WFP. In Sennar State, at least 21 per cent of the crops are flooded, which will likely extend the ongoing lean season that left over 373,000 facing severe hunger. The situation is also critical in Northern State—more than 24 per cent of farms flooded and nearly 80,000 people severely food insecure—and Blue Nile, a state where almost 433,000 people are facing hunger and 14 per cent of the farms are now under water.
The Government and aid organizations are providing life-saving assistance to people affected. Humanitarians reached over 400,000 people with critical support. However, the extremely low funding, especially for health and water, hygiene and sanitation services, the high inflation and fuel shortages are hampering aid organizations’ capacity to operate.
Read the CLUSTER STATUS for the detailed information on the response.
Check out the previous analyses and overview of the humanitarian response to floods in Sudan on the Flash Updates: