Sudan

Situation Report
Emergency Response
01 IA mission carrying supplies going to Gereida SD
Inter-agency assessment mission to Gereida carrying supplies to be distributed to those affected by the inter-communal conflict (Credit: OCHA)

Flash Update: Gereida & Tulus (South Darfur) Inter-communal Conflict, No. 01 (6 April 2022)

Highlights

  • Hundreds displaced due to inter-communal fighting between two nomadic tribes in South Darfur’s Gereida and Tulus localities.

  • People are taking refuge near a military base close to Gereida town.

  • At least three villages were burned during the fighting.

  • To control the escalating situation, state authorities deployed security forces to the conflict areas to create a buffer between the two tribes.

  • An inter-agency assessment mission took place on 6 April and preliminary humanitarian supplies will be distributed to the affected people in the Dika area.

SITUATION OVERVIEW

Since 26 March, there have been reports of clashes between two nomadic tribes in Gereida and Tulus localities of South Darfur State. Fighting has subsided; however, the situation remains fluid.

Heavy fighting has been reported in Hadoub, Dagama, Idan, Umm Bulula, Hashaba, Sanam El Naga, Abu Jabra and Farfur villages in Gereida locality; and Shergeila, Abu Humeira, and Assafaya villages in Tulus locality. The clashes reportedly stem from an incident on 26 March when a Rapid Support Forces (RSF) soldier from one of the nomadic tribes was killed by unknown perpetrators while traveling from Gereida town to Buram village. The nomadic tribe blamed the other nomadic tribe of the killing, and mobilized forces to attack the tribe’s villages.

On 29 March, an armed nomadic tribe attacked the three nomadic tribe villages of Hashaba, Idan, and Umm Bulula located southwest of Gereida town. More than 20 combatants from both tribes were reportedly killed during the conflict.

On 30 March, the villages of Sanam El Naga, Abu Jabra and Hadoub in Gereida locality were burned, according to the International Organization or Migration (IOM) Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM). The Government’s Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC) reported that the inhabitants of Hadoub village, about 500 people (100 families) took their livestock and sought protection near a Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) military base in the Dika area on the outskirts of Gereida town. Most of them are women and children, who are living out in the open and need shelter, food, as well as water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) assistance. HAC also reported that on 31 March Dika and Dagama villages were attacked; Dika was burned according to IOM DTM. Inhabitants of Dika village also took refuge close to the military base near Gereida town. HAC and an NGO have registered about 1,760 people (352 families) displaced in the Dika area. The displaced are reportedly under the protection of joint SAF and Police forces. The people displaced from Dika village had initially intended to move to Tulus and Nyala town. However, community elders prevailed on them to stay to maintain their presence on the land which they currently occupy.

To control the escalating situation, state authorities deployed joint security forces in 20 pickup vehicles to the conflict areas to create a buffer between the two tribes. The Governors of South and East Darfur travelled to Gereida with more forces, to contain the situation.

It is estimated that over 100 people have been killed since 29 March, of whom six are reportedly children while two children are missing. Humanitarian partners estimate that around 15,000 people (3,000 families) will likely be affected by the conflict, with displacement to Tulus and Shergeila localities, and camps in Nyala anticipated. The Governor of South Darfur has asked partners to respond to the needs of those displaced by the conflict.

Response

An inter-agency assessment to Gereida was carried out on 6 April. Preliminary humanitarian supplies such as non-food items (NFIs), food and dignity kits will be distributed to the affected people in the Dika area. A partner will register the people affected while the preliminary distributions are taking place. Government security personnel in the area are currently providing the displaced people with water from nearby wells. Another partner will initially provide water bladders, chlorine, and soap, while an in-depth assessment will be carried out soon. Following the findings of the inter-agency assessment mission, yet another partner will provide food assistance if required.

A partner is currently providing emergency health services to the people displaced in the Dika area and have treated nine pregnant women and children and have referred some patients to Nyala. Another partner has provided one medical kit to the Nyala teaching hospital to treat injured cases referred from Gereida. Dignity kits will provide information on gender-based violence (GBV) to affected people and will investigate any GBV cases.

Currently, 850 NFI kits are available for immediate distribution by partners.

Background

An estimated 175,000 people live in Gereida locality, and more than 187,000 are people in need of humanitarian assistance, according to the 2022 Sudan Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO). About 35,000 people Gereida were in crisis and above levels of food security between October 2021 and February 2022, according to the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) report.

An estimated 314,000 people live in Tulus locality, about 65,000 are people in need of humanitarian assistance, according to the 2022 HNO. About 31,400 people in Tulus were in crisis and above levels of food security between October 2021 and February 2022, according to IPC.

***

For more information, please contact:

Sofie Karlsson, Head of Communications and Analysis, OCHA Sudan, karlsson2@un.org, Mob: +249 (0)912 174 456

URL:

Downloaded: