Over 875,000 people affected by the storms—more than 150,000 of them internally displaced people (IDPs) and refugees—need some sort of emergency items such as mosquito nets, kitchen sets, plastic sheeting, blankets, and sleeping mats. Following the heavy rains and flooding, many families lost everything and were forced to live with friends or relatives, in collective centres, including schools, and in many locations with makeshift shelter materials they could salvage from their losses. The Shelter and Non-Food Items (NFI) Cluster plans to reach the most vulnerable amongst the affected, estimated at 350,000 families. Some 82,500 families had their house completely destroyed and more than 92,500 homes are now damaged, according to the Government’s Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC). They do not only need emergency shelter/NFI kits for temporary accommodation but also shelter support to undertake emergency repairs or rebuilding of their homes.
Humanitarian partners have reached over 228,000 people with emergency shelter and critical household items, including mosquito nets, kitchen sets, plastic sheeting, blankets, and sleeping mats. In Darfur, for example, over 3,250 families received NFIs in East Darfur and more than 2,500 families were assisted in Central Darfur. In Sennar, partners started on 26 September the relocation of nearly 390 families whose houses collapsed following landslides in Sennar Town.
Across the country, assessments on damages to homes are still ongoing. The Cluster is also supporting in exploring short-term shelter solutions with key stakeholders to ensure schools are vacated in the near future. In addition, partners are working with key stakeholders, including the Government and organization leading recovery activities, on mid-term solutions to address chronic issues related to shelter and land rights in Sudan, including through the provision of in-kind improved shelter kits, and cash-for-shelter grants to support reparations of damaged houses.
The sector is facing multiple challenges to support people affected, including disrupted access to communities in key locations and gaps in emergency shelter and NFI kits reported in several states. Sharing of information between stakeholders needs to be improved to avoid duplications or lack of support in certain areas. In many locations, challenges in land allocations for relocated families and those residing in collective centres have been reported. The ongoing economic crisis is also hampering the operation, as fuel shortages for transportation and the high inflation pose obstacles for local and international procurement of NFI items. Flooding in Sudan brings additional operational costs when humanitarians were already overstretched to assist families impacted by multiple shocks and emergencies, including COVID-19.