Sudan

Situation Report
Emergency Response
Registration of Ethiopian Refugees in Um Rakuba UNHCR Ahmed Kwarte
Registration of Ethiopian Refugees in Um Rakuba (UNHCR/Ahmed Kwarte)

UNHCR and partners revise Ethiopian Refugee Response Plan for Sudan

As refugees from Ethiopia’s Tigray region continue to seek refuge in Sudan, the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) and partners have revised the Sudan Refugee influx from Ethiopia Response Plan that was launched in November 2020. The revised plan expands the timeframe of the plan to 31 December 2021 and incorporates flood preparedness and response costs and costs for the response in Blue Nile State. The financial requirement has increased by US $33 million bringing the total cost of the plan to about $182 million while the planning figure is for 120,000 refugee arrivals until the end of the year. The plan is 47 per cent funded as of 3o June, according to the latest Ethiopian Emergency Situation - Funding Update.

Background

In November 2020, conflict in Ethiopia’s Tigray region led to the influx of tens of thousands of Ethiopian refugees into eastern Sudan. Refugees were arriving into Kassala and Gedaref states at an average rate of over 2,700 people a day.

UNHCR teams on the ground are working with the Sudanese Commissioner for Refugees (COR), local authorities and partners to monitor and mobilize resources to provide life-saving assistance such as including shelter, food, water, sanitation, health and education to thousands of refugees fleeing conflict in Tigray.

With the onset of the rainy season, major storms with heavy winds have caused damages to shelter and infrastructure in the two settlements – Um Rakuba and Tunaydbah. UNHCR and partners are in a race against time and nature as storms may intensify and floods worsen in the coming weeks and are calling for additional support which will allow for infrastructure improvements to the camps, and construction of more durable traditional shelters for families living in the camps. In addition, UNHCR and partners are scaling up support in other critical sectors such as water, sanitation, protection and health, constructing and rehabilitating roads to ensure access throughout the rainy season, and digging drainage systems to reduce the flooding risks.

Over 46,000 Ethiopian refugees from Tigray have been biometric registered in eastern Sudan as of 1st July 2021. In Blue Nile State, about 7,400 Ethiopian refugees have arrived from the Benishangul Gumuz region fleeing ethnic conflict and also require assistance.

As of July 2021, Sudan hosts over 1.1 million refugees from South Sudan, Eritrea, Central African Republic, Ethiopia and other countries. The country faces multiple challenges, including over 300 per cent annual inflation and fuel shortages. According to the latest International Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) report food insecurity levels are the highest ever recorded in Sudan. The 2021 Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO) estimates that over 13.4 million people need assistance, including over one million refugees.

For more information read the revised plan: Inter-Agency Refugee Emergency Response Plan - Sudan: Refugee Influx from Ethiopia, November 2020 to December 2021 (Revision, May 2021)

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