Situation Report
Emergency Response
Humanitarian assistance distribution in El Fasher, North Darfur

Record number of people – 8.8 million – receive humanitarian assistance in January-September 2020

Despite challenges related to COVID-19 containment measures, low funding, access to fuel and cash, humanitarian agencies reached 8.8 million people across Sudan with some form of humanitarian assistance between January and September 2020. This is the highest number of people assisted in Sudan since 2011.

This includes about 7 million people that were reached with food and livelihood assistance during January-September 2020, according to the 2020 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP), Quarter 3 Periodic Monitoring Report (PMR) results. About 3.3 million people were reached with health care services, and 2.9 million people were provided with access to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services. Education sector partners have assisted 1.1 million children with education and learning activities.

The 8.8 million people assisted is equivalent to 95 per cent of the 9.3 million that were estimated to need humanitarian assistance in 2020 – the highest ever percentage recorded.

While the percentage of people reached versus in need varies from 113 per cent (food security and livelihoods) to 35 per cent (WASH), in some other sectors only between 2-9 per cent of the those in need were reached, mainly due to lack of funding and other challenges.

Almost 5 million people received assistance in Darfur – 56 per cent of the total. This includes about 650,000 people in the Jebel Marra who received some form of humanitarian assistance during the reporting period – one of the highest in the past years.

In central Sudan, HRP partners provided assistance to about 3.4 million people – 38 per cent of the total. And in the east, only 384,000 people were reached – 4 per cent of the total assisted. This means that only 27 per cent of the people in need in eastern Sudan received humanitarian assistance.

Overall, HRP partners have ramped up response in the traditional area of operation where they historically have presence and capacity – Darfur – where the number of people reached with assistance exceeded the number of people in need by 28 per cent (almost 5 million assisted versus 3.9 million in need).

Against this backdrop, eastern and central Sudan accounted for more than half of the 9.3 million people in need. However, while 3.8 million people in those two regions were reached with humanitarian assistance, about 2.7 million people in need did not get the assistance they needed, according to the Q3 monitoring data. This was due to more people assisted than initially estimated to be in need in some states, lack of funding, lack of implementing partners and other factors. As of 5 January 2021, the 2020 Sudan HRP is 53 per cent funded, according to the Financial Tracking Services (FTS).