Situation Report
A young boy on a donkey cart in Al Meriam West Kordofan Photo ©Caroline Knook
A young boy on a donkey cart in Al Meriam West Kordofan (Photo ©Caroline Knook)

Child labour among forcibly displaced and host communities in East Darfur and West Kordofan - ILO

An assessment and research carried out by the International Labour Organisation (ILO) in January 2021 found that children’s work and child labour are very common occurrences among forcibly displaced and host communities in East Darfur and West Kordofan. Children start working young, and often support family businesses, household production, or are employed by other community members that their parents know.

While most children continue to attend school, their schoolwork is often negatively impacted by working long hours, carrying heavy loads in the heat and dust. Besides contradicting laws and policies that govern child labour, capacity in the enforcing government bodies is low, and they are unable to act unless a case is reported to them directly. Other factors that contribute to child labour include widespread poverty, limited access to basic services and social protection services, displacement, informality of employment agreements of children, and persisting social norms and attitudes. All these factors should be addressed in order to successfully reduce and eradicate child labour in the target communities, the ILO report said.

In support of the Partnership for improving prospects for host communities and forcibly displaced persons (PROSPECTS), a programme that ILO is implementing with United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the International Finance Corporation (IFC), and the World Bank, supported by the Kingdom of the Netherlands’ Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Consilient conducted a Child Labour Assessment in Sudan. The assessment aimed to:

  1. provide evidence on the magnitude of children’s work and child labour in forcibly displaced persons (FPD) and host communities (HC) in West Kordofan and East Darfur;

  2. identify what are the main factors that push children into child labour, and what are those that prevent children from working;

  3. assess gender differences with regard to children’s activities; and

  4. provide recommendations on how to decrease, eliminate and prevent child labour in HCs and FDP communities.

To best answer these research objectives, Consilient, a research and analysis organisation, conducted 1,172 household surveys, 64 key informant interviews, and 32 in-depth interviews with key stakeholders and community members in Khartoum, East Darfur (Ed-Daein, Assalaya and El Nimir Camp), and West Kordofan (El Fula, Kharasana/Keilak, and Al Meiram). Data collection for this assessment was completed in January 2021.

For more information, please see the assessment report here