Situation Report
Flash Update
Flash 01 WD Kereneik Ag Geneina conflict 25Apr22

Inter-communal conflict - Kereneik & Ag Geneina, West Darfur Flash Update No. 03 (2 May 2022)


  • A calm but tense situation has prevailed over the past five days in Kereneik town, West Darfur, with no reports of inter-communal fighting.

  • The humanitarian situation in Kereneik remains a major concern, due to the insecurity, destruction and disruption of basic services, including stabilization and health centres, lack of major relief items, according to preliminary findings of an NGO multi-sector mission.

  • The priority needs of the affected/displaced people are access to safe water, food, shelter/NFIs, and health services/medicines.

  • It is estimated that 85,000 – 115,000 people are displaced due to the violence. However, the numbers are yet to be verified.

  • Humanitarians have provided initial assistance to cover the health needs of at least 10,000 people for three months in Kereneik. More people will be provided with assistance in the coming days.


The situation in Kereneik, West Darfur, remains a major concern, with a lack of major relief items, according to preliminary findings of an NGO multi-sectoral mission that visited Kereneik on 30 April. The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) coordinated and facilitated the overall mission, including Civil Military Coordination (CMCoord). OCHA also engaged the West Darfur State government in Ag Geneina, local authorities, community leaders in Kereneik town, and the nomads east of the town to ensure support for the mission.

The mission was comprised of international and national NGOs, and focused on the plight of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Kereneik town. The sectors represented on the mission included health; nutrition; water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH); education; food; protection; child protection; shelter and non-food items (S/NFIs).

The mission had specific objectives to carry out an initial rapid response to identify the critical lifesaving needs of the vulnerable IDP families, including the verification and registration of caseloads, distribution of assistance and rehabilitation of water sources inside Kereneik town. The mission also aimed to assess the most urgent needs of the displaced families to determine the multi-sector crisis emergency response in Kereneik town. Meanwhile, the mission also focused on assessing the rehabilitation needs due to looting of, and damage caused to NGO offices and guesthouses to re-establish and scale up operational presence in Kereneik town.

Key mission findings

In terms of the security, a calm situation has prevailed over the past five days in Kereneik town, while there are no additional checkpoints between Ag Geneina and Kereneik town. However, outside the Kereneik town only members of Arab tribes can move freely, creating concerns for access to services and relief for the communities in Kereineik.

All commercial movement in the area, including small passenger vehicles, is with military escort due to insecurity attributed to the presence of armed people dominating major roads out of Kereneik town. In the meantime, the government deployed civilian protection forces last week, with plans to deploy more forces to Kereneik locality.

The mission reports that 10 vehicles were stolen by the attackers, including one from an international NGO, the hospital ambulance, a police vehicle, and the rest from the community. Another five vehicles were burnt. The Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC) in Kereneik locality reported that one of the burnt vehicles belonged to the police, which has since been replaced.

The humanitarian situation is characterized by these priority needs in order of urgency: access to safe water, food, S/NFIs, health services and medicines. In addition, the affected/displaced people do not have cooking sets and need clothes as they lost all their possessions during the attacks. Most of the IDPs are residing near the military camp in Kereneik for protection. Men spend nights under trees and in the open courtyard at the mosque, while women, children and animals spend nights in shared tarpaulins or makeshift shelters in the gathering sites. Local authorities are working directly with individual sheikhs to register the displaced families to provide the number of the IDPs, disaggregated by gathering sites.

It is estimated that 85,000 – 115,000 people are displaced due to the violence. However, the numbers are subject to verification. An international NGO reported that more people arrived in Kereneik town during the time of the mission.

At least 16 villages around Kereneik town were attacked and the residents of the villages were displaced to Kereneik town, to Murayat and Umtajok villages. The 16 villages are Salame, Donghe, Sehebat, Moling, Murayat, Shutak, Kamkak, Shogo, Gadir, Ardeba, Goza, Nyooro, Shawaya, Naema, Sarf Jidad and Gaduri. HAC in Kereneik reported that the villages of Salame, Sihebat, Um Rikena, and Shutak were totally looted, burnt and all the residents displaced.

Several humanitarian volunteers and personnel were reported killed, including a State Ministry of Health (SMoH) medical assistant assigned to the Galala clinic (nomad area) and four volunteer personnel of a national NGO and member of the S/NFIs sector. Several humanitarian facilities including the nutrition center, the hospital, water sources, and the guesthouse of an international NGO were reportedly looted.

The market in Kereneik town is operating with a few vegetable traders while shops remain closed as many were looted and burnt.

Humanitarian agencies have delivered a basic health care kit to Kereneik hospital, which can cover the health needs of at least 10,000 people for three months. In addition, shelter and non-food supplies for 5,000 people were dispatched and will be distributed on 1 May. Transportation of more Non-food items, WASH and Child Friendly supplies is underway for immediate distribution.


Food and Livelihoods (FSL)

Families have lost their food stocks and sources of income (labour wages from working on farms, domestic work or in the market).

Prices of basic commodities such as sorghum, sugar, millet, and oil have soared, and people have no cash or disposable income.

A 10-day old baby died on 29 April as the mother had not eaten in five days and had stopped producing milk. Many IDPs have not eaten anything but green mangoes and sour gum for the past five days as all their food stocks were looted and/or burnt.

Health and Nutrition

The Kereneik hospital is currently the only health facility providing basic services to a population of more than 20,000 families.

Many respiratory infections and malaria cases have been reported. The laboratory in Kereneik hospital has been damaged and looted and there is no fuel to run the hospital generator.

All equipment and nutrition supplies in the hospital were looted.

There is a lack of children’s medicines needed for small operations as supplies received are for more serious surgical procedures.

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)

An estimated 90 per cent of the IDPs are drinking water from unprotected sources.

Only one out of eight water yards in the town are working.

Five water yards could function if fuel is provided.

The IDPs have no water containers.

Open defecation is rampant as all the latrines were damaged.

There is urgent need for WASH and NFI assistance.


Food and Livelihoods (FSL)

Dispatch of food and distribution is planned for 3 May.

Health and Nutrition

A basic health kit was delivered to the Kereneik hospital on 29 April to support surgical operations. Minimal nutrition supplies, including RUTF delivered to Kereneik to facilitate re-establishing the provision of nutrition services with the SFP/OTP staff on the ground

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)

3 out of 4 damaged handpumps were repaired during the mission.

Dispatch of assorted WASH supplies on 1 May for immediate distribution, including 500 cartons of soap, 500 hygiene dignity kits, 100 plastic slabs, 600 pcs of fixable water storage jerrycans (10 l) and 650pcs of dignity kits.

Child protection: Dispatch of assorted supplies today.

# Item’s description QTY

1 Sleeping mats 75 bundles

2 plastic sheet 75 PCs

3 Big mats 40 PCs

4 Blankets 40 bundles

Shelter and Non-Food Items (S/NFIs)

1,000 S/NFI kits for 100 families were dispatched from Ag Geneina on 30 April to be distributed on 1 May. Sudanese Organisation for Relief and Recovery (SORR) teams are on the ground for the verification, registration, and distribution.

700 hygiene kits and 1,000 NFI kits from the common pipeline to be dispatched to Kereneik on 1 May for immediate distribution. Humanitarian teams are on the ground for the caseload identification, registration and distribution of humanitarian assistance.

Dispatch of assorted NFI supplies on 1 May for immediate distribution

# Item’s description QTY

1 Plastic Sheet 2,000

2 Solar Lamp 1,000

3 Sleeping Mats 3,000

4 Blankets 3,000

5 Jerry cans 2,000

6 Mosquito net 2,000


Inter-communal conflict between Arab nomads and the Masalit tribe in Kereneik locality started on 4 December 2021 over a property dispute at a local market. Over 61,000 people were affected and took refuge in Kereneik town and surrounding villages. At least 67 people were killed, 78 were injured and many lost their possessions and livestock. (Source, IOM DTM). As of 14 February, 36,700 IDPs remained in Kereneik town and surrounding villages, the rest having returned to their home areas. (Source, IOM DTM).

An estimated 487,000 people live in Kereneik locality, including 146,700 displaced people, according to the 2022 Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO). Some 265,700 people in the state need humanitarian assistance in 2022 (HNO). Over 73,000 people in Kereneik were in crisis and above levels of food security between October 2021 and February 2022, according to the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) report.

An estimated 646,000 people live in Ag Geneina locality, including 126,700 displaced people, according to IOM 2021 mobility tracking. Some 371,500 people in the state need humanitarian assistance in 2022 (HNO). Over 129,100 people in Ag Geneina were in crisis and above levels of food security between October 2021 and February 2022, according to IPC.

For more information read the previous flash update:

Flash Update: Kereneik & Ag Geneina Inter-communal Conflict, No. 02 (28 April 2022)

Flash Update: Kereneik & Ag Geneina Inter-communal Conflict, No. 01 (25 April 2022)