Sudan

Sudan

Situation Report
Flash Update
Flash 01 Darfur Violence 9 Dec 21

SUDAN: Conflict in Darfur—Flash Update No. 01 (9 December 2021)

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Ongoing violence in Darfur has displaced thousands of IDPs and people from host communities.

  • Many of these disputes build on seasonal inter-communal conflict over natural resources.

  • At least 15,500 people displaced following inter-communal conflict in Kereneik locality.

  • An inter-sectoral needs assessment will be carried out in Kereneik town once the security conditions allow.

  • About 9,000 people were affected by the conflict in Jebel Moon, according to an inter-agency assessment.

  • Tensions between communities remain high in West Darfur’s Kereneik, Ag Geneina and Jebel Moon localities; in Azum locality in Central Darfur; and in Al Fasher locality in North Darfur.

SITUATION OVERVIEW

Since mid-November, ongoing violence, building on seasonal inter-communal conflict over natural resources in West, Central and North Darfur states, have led to the primary displacement of thousands of people and secondary displacement of internally displaced persons (IDPs), within Darfur and across the Sudanese border to Chad. Coupled with a poor rainy season, and pest infestation, conflict has disrupted the farming season for many farmers, including IDPs based in camps in Ag Geneina town who are concerned that they will have a total failure of their harvest. In addition, transhumance—the seasonal movement of pastoralists with their livestock for pasture—has started early this year affecting harvests, which have just started. Tensions between communities remain high in Kereneik, Ag Geneina and Jebel Moon localities as the root causes of the conflict remain unaddressed.

About 6.2 million people (IDPs, returnees, refugees and vulnerable residents) need humanitarian assistance in the Darfur region in 2022, according to the 2022 Sudan Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO). In addition, about 1.5 million people are in crisis and above levels of food security between October 2021 and February 2022, according to the latest Sudan Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) analysis.

Kereneik, West Darfur: Over 15,000 people displaced due to inter-communal conflict

The Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC) confirmed that a confrontation between two people triggered conflict between nomads and Masalit tribesmen on 4 December in Kereneik town, 50 kilometres west of Ag Geneina town, the state capital of West Darfur.

During the fighting eight residential areas in Kereneik town (Abuja IDP camp, Um Dowein, Haya Elserihrij, Haya Jabel, Haya Abo, Haya Madaris, Haya Nazur, and Sheikh Adam) were burned to the ground affecting both internally displaced persons (IDPs) and host communities. At least 15,500 people (3,100 households) in half of the eight locations have been affected, according to the International Organization for Migration (IOM). Information for the remaining four areas is currently unavailable. HAC reports that 42 people were killed and 45 others were injured during the conflict in Kereneik.

According to HAC and IOM, affected people have taken refuge in schools and government buildings mainly in Kereneik town, the Kereneik Basic School for Boys and the Basic School for Girls; the Lima School; the mosque; the Resistance Committee Center, the local health center; teachers’ houses; the house of the Fursha (senior community leader); areas nearby the military compound; and with host communities. Nomads from Tarshana village reported to the Sudanese Red Crescent Society (SRCS) that 63 people from Kereneik—who were in their farms during the attack—sought refuge in Tarshana village. The nomads are currently hosting the IDPs and request support to escort them to Kereneik. Additional security forces from Central Darfur have been deployed to the Kereneik area.

An inter-sectoral needs assessment will be carried out in Kereneik town once the security conditions allow.

An estimated 487,000 people live in Kereneik locality, and more than 265,700 people are in need of humanitarian assistance (2022 HNO). Over 73,000 people of Kereneik are in crisis and above levels of food security between October 2021 and February 2022 (IPC).

Ag Geneina, West Darfur: Insecurity in Ag Geneina town

Following several security incidents in Ag Geneina and neighbouring localities, the town is on high alert. Citizens are concerned of a possible spill-over of clashes, as people killed due to insecurity in other parts of the state are received in Ag Geneina town for burial.

On 5 December, forces of signatories to the Juba Peace Agreement (JPA) closed the road in front of the Wali’s office and shot in the air in the Jemareek area of Ag Geneina town to disperse a vehicle of nomads. The road has since been open to traffic.

An estimated 646,000 people live in Ag Geneina locality and more than 371,500 people are in need of humanitarian assistance, according to the 2022 Sudan Humanitarian Needs Overview. About 130,000 people in Ag Geneina are in crisis and above levels of food security between October 2021 and February 2022, according to the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) report.

Jebel Moon, West Darfur: Inter-communal conflict displaces around 9,000 people

Inter-communal clashes between nomads and farmers from the Misseriya Jebel tribe escalated in mid-November in West Darfur’s Jebel Moon locality. The situation in the area remains tense and unpredictable. Findings of an inter-agency assessment mission carried out between 29 November and 2 December, indicate that 9,100 people were affected by the conflict. The mission also found that 771 houses were looted and burned, and 29 children and 16 adults are missing. Priority needs are shelter/non-food items (S/NFIs), food, health, as well as water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), protection and education services. UNHCR reports 2,261 people from Jebel Moon have crossed into Chad as of 30 November.

On 8 December, reports were received of attacks on two villages (Getraya and Garadaya) inhabited by Misseriya Jebel located to the north of the Jebel Moon mountains. The Wali of West Darfur cancelled a planned visit to Jebel Moon on 8 December, due to insecurity.

An estimated 68,500 people live in Jebel Moon locality, and more than 46,600 are people in need of humanitarian assistance, (2022 HNO). Over 6,800 people in Jebel Moon are in crisis and above levels of food security between October 2021 and February 2022 (IPC).

Azum locality, Central Darfur: Inter-communal conflict

On 4 December, a group of nomads attacked Soya village (3 km south of Sharq al Neel village in Central Darfur’s Azum locality) and Aru village (12 km south of Sharq al Neel village). Reports suggest that nomads looted livestock and attacked three men and four women; two children are reportedly missing. The residents of the two villages were displaced to Shargel al Neel village and Rongatass IDP camp in Azum locality, while some households were displaced to Murnei town, West Darfur. The nomads also destroyed crops in farms in Sharq al Neel and Rongatass areas. On 9 December, an inter-agency mission and protection monitoring mission headed to assess the situation of the IDPs arrived from West Darfur.

An estimated 94,400 people live in Azum locality, and more than 73,400 are people in need of humanitarian assistance, (2022 HNO). Over 12,800 people in Azum are in crisis and above levels of food security between October 2021 and February 2022 (IPC).

Al Fasher locality, North Darfur: Inter-communal conflict in Al Fasher town

On 6 December, inter-communal clashes erupted near Zamzam IDP camp in Al Fasher locality, North Darfur. An Arab tribe was attacked by an unknown armed group, resulting in four deaths and three injuries. Nomads reportedly burned seven villages in Tawila locality, not far from Al Fasher town, in retaliation to the killings. On 7 December, nomads protested in front of the Wali’s office demanding that perpetrators to the killing be handed over to them. On 8 December, nomads blocked the entry into Zamzam IDP camp and there are reports of nomads blocking the road into Al Fasher town. Nomads are reportedly mobilizing from South Darfur and heading towards Tawila. Joint security forces were deployed to protect the IDPs from retaliation attacks. The situation is very tense.

An estimated 572,700 people live in Al Fasher locality, of whom the majority need some form of humanitarian assistance (2022 HNO). Over 85,600 people in Al Fasher are in crisis and above levels of food security between October 2021 and February 2022 (IPC).

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For more information, please contact:

Sofie Karlsson, Head of Communications and Analysis, OCHA Sudan, karlsson2@un.org, Mob: +249 (0)912 174 456

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