Ukraine

Situation Report

Cluster Status

Protection

428k
people reached

Needs

  • Some 15.7 million people are estimated to be in need of protection assistance and services between March and August 2022, including 2.1 million children, 3.3 million people in need of protection services mitigating the risks and outcomes of gender-based violence (GBV), and 14.5 million people in need of mine action-related assistance.

  • According to the Protection Cluster, human trafficking in Ukraine was known to be widespread before the war, but since 24 February, indications show an increased risk of trafficking due to loss of income and resources, loss of homes and inadequate/non-family style accommodation, family separation, psychological distress, disruption to education, breakdown of law and order, conflict-related sexual violence, amongst others. A rapid assessment conducted by La Strada International and Freedom Fund in March-April 2022 suggests that the risks will increase as the war continues, and as more people are internally displaced, access to services and livelihoods becomes more precarious, and millions of refugees resettle for longer periods in other European countries and begin accessing the labour market. In response, new Terms of Reference have been published for the Anti-Trafficking Task Force in Ukraine, which is expected to work on tackling these challenges.

Response

  • As of 12 May, Protection Cluster partners have reached a total of 427,800 people, 15 per cent more compared with 5 May. The majority of people reached currently reside in Lvivska (52,400), Kyivska (44,300) and Kharkivska (35,500) oblasts.

  • From 5 to 11 May, UNHCR and partners conducted 88 protection monitoring missions in Zakarpatska oblast, also distributing NFI to over 1,500 people. On 11 May, UNHCR’s partners Right to Protection and Rokada provided 38 protection and 28 legal consultations in Chernivetska oblast (west). 

  • UNHCR reported that, as of 16 May, over 170,000 people received targeted protection assistance and information at border crossing points, transit and reception centres, and through hotlines.

Gaps

  • Referral pathways for GBV survivors are not fully functioning in many locations, and access to police services is limited.

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