The increase in the number of positive cases of COVID-19 is accentuating the pressure on water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services, both in PASIs and health facilities and in communities, where prevention measures require greater support of WASH services.
In July, 14 cluster members reported having reached 351,950 people across 68 municipalities in 16 states of the country. In 2020, the sector response includes the contributions of 31 organizations reaching 2,314,617 people across 124 municipalities in 23 states of the country. In relation to assistance in health facilities, 75 centers received WASH support, including the provision of Infection Prevention and Control (PCI) supplies, the rehabilitation / supply of water, and / or the promotion of hygiene and PCI elements . These interventions include 29 centers where support is being provided for the first time. In July, WASH assistance also reached some 265 protection or education centers, mainly in the supply of water by tanker, as well as with interventions to guarantee safe water and sanitation, through the rehabilitation of bathrooms and the distribution of hygiene items. In total, the number of protection and education centers that benefited from WASH interventions or supplies amount to approximately 570 since the beginning of the year. In terms of community support, a total of 115,400 people benefited from WASH interventions, most of them in Miranda (34,485), Bolívar (11,700), Lara (7,000), Capital District (5,750), Apure (5,240 ), Zulia (2,130) and Delta Amacuro (1,170). This brings the total number of people who received community support between January and July to 1,765,675, mainly in Táchira (1,197,270), Miranda (278,000), Bolívar (113,940), and Delta Amacuro (75,200).
In health centers, gaps are being reported in cleaning/ disinfection products and infectious waste disposal mechanisms. Planned activities need to be complemented to ensure complete WASH / PCI packages. Needs in terms of WASH in temporary accommodation spaces (PASIs) have grown with the increase in returnees. However, response capacity is limited due to lack of financial resources. COVID-19 prevention and quarantine measures limit the possibilities for training, implementation and distribution of supplies by the organizations that are providing assistance. The lack of access to fuel affects the entire chain of production and supply of services. In addition, there are some non-governmental organizations who have the means to provide support but require permits to contribute to the response.