The Shelter, Energy and NFI Cluster visited Sucre State and observed a serious lack of temporary accommodation spaces for vulnerable people. The accommodation options available are mostly non-formal structures built with deteriorated material. They have limited capacity, are often overcrowded and need basic supplies and structural maintenance. A generalized energy problem was also identified related to the lack of gas cylinder distribution, which especially affects rural areas of the State and has led to an increase in the use of biomass for cooking (especially firewood).
During the month of December 2019, 26,212 people received assistance to improve their access to energy/electricity in Táchira (Bolivar and San Cristobal municipalities, with 17,280 and 8,640 beneficiaries, respectively) and Zulia (Bolivarian Guajira Indigenous municipality, with 292 beneficiaries). The assistance received involved the provision of energy with the creation of loading points at the passenger terminals in the cities of San Antonio del Tachira and San Cristobal and the supply of inputs to improve access to energy. The highest number of beneficiaries age group was adults aged 18 to 59, with a total of 14,275 beneficiaries (54 percent), including 66 percent women and 34 percent men. Next largest beneficiaries’ group was children and adolescents, with a total of 10,471, 45 percent female and 46 percent male.
A total of 4,280 people benefitted from the improvement and refurbishment of centers and shelters or communal houses in the municipality of Garcia de Hevia in the state of Tachira. Of the total number of beneficiaries of housing assistance, the age group with the highest number of beneficiaries was adults between 18 and 59 years old, with a total of 2,179 people (51 percent). Of these 66 percent were female beneficiaries and 34 percent were male beneficiaries. The next most frequent group of beneficiaries was children and adolescents, with a total of 1,758 beneficiaries (54 percent women and 46 percent men).
A total of 1,129 solar lamps were distributed in Zulia (Machiques de Perija, Colom, Jesus Enrique, Losada and Indigena Bolivariano Guajira municipalities, Tachira (San Cristobal municipality), Distrito Capital (Libertador municipality), and Apure (Paez municipality). Likewise, 346 water cans were distributed in Zulia (Jesus Enrique Losada and Indigena Bolivariano Guajira municipalities) reaching a total of 1,183 people. Fifty-five percent were adults between the ages of 18 and 5 (59 percent women and 41 percent men). The group of adults is followed by the group of children and adolescents with 34 percent.
31,675 people received assistance to access safe housing energy and/or basic goods during the month of December.
Lines of action have yet to be defined in conjunction with government bodies and some local authorities.
The acute lack of funding and the limited operational and technical capacities of Cluster members continue to limit the areas and states of intervention.
The closure of vehicle crossings at the Colombian border complicates the import of items that are required for the implementation of projects.