According to reports from UNICEF and its partners, in October, 6.9 per cent of the 7,141 children under 5 years of age screened presented acute malnutrition.
According to UNICEF data, of 409 pregnant and lactating women screened, 23.9 per cent were underweight and received treatment to improve their nutritional status and reduce the risk of low birth weight.
Partners' care centers continue adapting to low-contact malnutrition detection methods such as brachial perimeter. In order to strengthen their implementation capacity, the Cluster is providing partners with nutrition kits for low-contact detection of acute malnutrition.
In October, a total of 10,327 children up to 15 years of age were screened for the prevention and detection of micronutrient deficiency. Of these, 10,017 children were under 5 years of age. The provision of personal biosafety equipment for health professionals in partners’ care centers has improved access to nutrition programmes at the community level.
To prevent malnutrition in children, 6,481 children under 5 years of age received micronutrients in 18 states of the country. In addition, the nutrition strategy also reached 1,852 pregnant and lactating women with micronutrient deficiency prevention services.
Partners report that 807 children under 5 years of age received nutritional care services for the treatment of moderate acute malnutrition in their care centers in 18 states of the country. Also, 74 children between 5 and 15 years of age received outpatient treatment for wasting in 8 states.
4,914 children under 5 years of age and 10,410 children over 5 years of age received treatment for intestinal parasitosis at partners’ care centers.
Nearly 2,582 breastfeeding women received counselling on key infant and young child feeding practices.
During October, the activities of the Nutrition Cluster were aimed at consolidating the Humanitarian Program Cycle for 2021, which consisted of a review and update of the Needs Assessment and Humanitarian Response Plan 2020. To this end, we worked in coordination with cluster partners to prepare and consolidate various working documents. Among others, an assessment of achievements in the framework of HRP2020 was carried out in order to identify gaps in the delivery of humanitarian aid and improve accountability to the affected populations. Also, the Nutrition Cluster reviewed the sectoral framework (logical framework and sectoral guide) to facilitate project review, training of partners in the HPC tools platform and the Projects module for uploading projects corresponding to the HRP 2021.
It is necessary to improve the analysis of children’s nutritional status based on updated data that will allow a strategic prioritization of nutritional interventions. For this reason, the October 28 meeting emphasized the presentation of the methodology for the HPC 2021 and the key dates for this process. During the meeting, information of partners’ contributions on the Analysis of Humanitarian Needs and Projection of Needs for Nutrition was presented, for which the partners were encouraged to collect and send secondary data on acute malnutrition.
It is important to highlight that food security has a direct effect on the nutrition of vulnerable groups: children under 5 years of age, pregnant and lactating women. For this reason, it is necessary to improve their access to food and a varied diet, as the nutritional status of these groups can continue to deteriorate and lead to acute malnutrition, which increases the risk of infant mortality.