Venezuela - October 2020

Situation Report

Cluster Status

Food Security

56,813
People reached in October

Needs

Returnees require nutritional assistance and support, not only at entry points with direct food assistance, but also in their host communities. To this end, it is necessary to support them with initiatives to improve their food situation in an autonomous manner.

Fuel shortages persist, affecting the private agricultural sector, which has shown an increase in production costs that reflects in the final price of food.

Response

In September, 56,813 people benefited from food security activities, including food distribution and production in 69 municipalities in 19 states of the country.

The main activities reported by Cluster partners were:

  • Distribution of supplementary food in educational institutions, community centers and health facilities; support for the production and distribution of nutritionally enriched food for people with specific needs; and distribution of food to vulnerable people, with particular attention to women and girls at risk and families with children under 5 years of age with acute malnutrition.

  • Provision of seeds, tools, small equipment, animals and technical assistance for food production to meet immediate needs, with special attention to households with female heads of household.

  • Assistance through cash transfers or coupons to vulnerable households, with special attention to female -headedof households.

  • Technical strengthening and equipping of public institutions and local organizations that implement food and nutritional security activities, feasibility analysis for interventions, and training in various trades that support food production, agriculture and the acquisition of life skills.

Gaps

It is necessary to strengthen the response capacity of the Cluster and mobilize more resources for a response in line with the scale of the needs.

Cash-based transfers (CBT) or coupon assistance can be effective mechanisms to respond to emergency food needs, once the fiscal conditions and legal framework for this type of assistance are clarified.

Fuel shortages in some states continue to have an impact on agricultural and livestock guilds, which are concerned about the consequences of not being able to use the machinery and equipment necessary for food production, as well as transport food from the states of Apure, Barinas, Lara, Tachira and Zulia.

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