Venezuela - September 2020

Situation Report

Cluster Status

Food Security

39,763
People reached in September

Needs

Returnees require nutritional assistance and support. Besides, supportingreturnees in PASIs with direct food assistance, support initiatives that contribute to improving the food security situation of returnees in host communities are needed.

A REACH assessment reported on the prices and availability of basic food and non-food items to inform humanitarian responses based on cash transfer assistance. Monitoring of 52 vendors in 7 states indicated that, out of 40 food and non-food vendors, 48 per cent reported difficulties in re-stocking. The main challenges were related to high fuel prices (90 per cent), fuel shortages (79 per cent) and high transportation costs (74 per cent). In addition, 12 per cent of respondents reported that their municipality's market does not have the capacity to provide consumers adequate or sufficient products.

Fuel shortages remain, impacting private agricultural sector, triggering an increase in production costs and the final price of food.

In September, inflation and the low minimum wage created difficulties for the most vulnerable households in covering the basic food basket.

Response

In September, 39,763 people benefited from food security activities, including food distribution and production in 46 municipalities in 14 states.

The main activities reported by the Cluster partners were:

Distribution of complementary food in educational institutions, community centers and health facilities; support for the production and distribution of nutritionally fortified food for people with specific needs; and distribution of food to vulnerable people, with particular attention to women and girls at risk, and families with children under 5 with acute malnutrition.

Provision of seeds, tools, small equipment, animals and technical assistance for food production to meet immediate needs, with special attention to female-headed households (FHHs).

Assistance through cash transfers or vouchers to vulnerable households, with a focus on FHHs.

Technical strengthening and equipment to public institutions and local organizations that implement food and nutrition security activities, feasibility analysis for intervention modalities, and training in various trades that support food production, planting and acquisition of life skills.

Gaps

The response capacity of the Cluster needs to be strengthened and more resources need to be mobilized to respond in line with the scale of needs.

Cash transfer or voucher assistance modalities could become an effective mechanism for responding to emergency food needs once the fiscal conditions and legal framework for this type of assistance are clarified.

Fuel shortages in some states of the country continue to impact agricultural and livestock guilds who express concern about the consequences of not being able to use the necessary machinery and equipment for food production and its subsequent transportation from the states of Apure, Barinas, Lara, Tachira and Zulia.

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