The retention of school teachers remains one of the top priorities in the education system. Salaries are insufficient to cover the basic living needs of teachers.
Attendance and retention of children in schools is a challenge for the cluster. Regularly functioning feeding programmes are required to promote attendance and guarantee the right to education. It is necessary to ensure schools in the most vulnerable sectors have functioning feeding programmes.
Overall, these circumstances have a greater impact on the most vulnerable children, such as children with disabilities, the indigenous population and children in hospitals.
In order to improve conditions for access and permanence of children in schools, the distribution of educational materials (kits containing resources for learning, teaching and recreation) continued in December, reaching 103,618 children (51,830 girls and 51,788 boys) in 8 states: Capital District, Zulia, Sucre, Delta Amacuro, Tachira, Miranda, Anzoategui and Bolivar. Likewise, 7,028 children (3,502 girls and 3,526 boys) and 891 adults from school communities were served by school feeding programmes developed in public schools in Miranda State.
1,029 teachers (952 women and 139 men) were trained in the didactic use of the educational kits from the perspective of education in emergencies and training in psychosocial support in seven states: Zulia, Sucre, Tachira, Miranda, Apure, Bolivar and Anzoategui. Likewise, 111 teachers participated in the development of educational inclusion strategies in the states of Zulia and Tachira.
Campaigns were carried out to encourage school attendance and retention, with an impact on 1,497 children (664 girls and 833 boys) and 241 adults (188 women and 53 men) in the states of Delta Amacuro, Bolivar and Amazonas.
In order to encourage the proper use of free time, recreational spaces have been developed in the Capital District outside school hours, benefiting a total of 746 children (369 girls and 377 boys).
In December, 818 children (528 girls and 290 boys) and 1,770 teachers (1,388 women and 382 men) participated in psychosocial support activities through talks, art therapy and self-care workshops, awareness-raising and other activities in the states of Miranda, the Capital District, Delta Amacuro, Zulia, Tachira and Anzoategui.
With regards to the identification and transfer of cases of children with protection needs, 276 girls and 57 boys were referred in the state of Miranda; likewise, understanding the importance of learning and the development of life skills training has been provided to 96 young people (55 women and 41 men) in the states of Capital District, Miranda and Lara.
Expansion and strengthening of existing school feeding programmes are required to ensure that children attend their schools. The most important challenge in this regard is the high cost of these programmes and their sustainability over time.
In view of the departure and resignation of many teachers, it is a priority to design incentive programs to promote the retention of teaching professionals in the classroom.
Strengthening -the capacity of Cluster partners in monitoring and information management processes, as well as the systematization of good practices that contribute to the analysis of current situations in the school system.
It is necessary to promote inter-sectoral work in order to guarantee comprehensive and effective attention to the most vulnerable populations.
Fuel difficulties affect the distribution of school materials, especially in border states, where access to fuel is more complex and therefore makes distribution processes more expensive.