West and Central Africa

Situation Report
Emergency Response

Insecurity and violence continuously threatening lives

In conflict-affected regions, civilians are facing a significant protection crisis. Almost 13 million people have had to flee their homes, 1.5 million more than one year ago. Insecurity and violence are threatening lives and livelihoods, increasing human rights violations, including sexual and gender-based violence, and jeopardizing social cohesion. Insecurity is also constraining humanitarian access, leaving communities without essential assistance and exposing aid workers to increased risks.

In 2021, the situation of millions of children, men, and women affected by the crisis in West and Central Africa remains critical. The trend in the Sahel points to further deterioration, with a significant risk of spillover into coastal countries. 

In the Sahel, forced displacement is at an unprecedented high, with 5 million people uprooted from their homes. More than 14 million people are acutely food insecure – two times more than one year ago. In the Central Sahel (Burkina Faso, Mali, and western Niger) insecurity has rapidly deteriorated. Since 2018, the number of internally displaced persons has risen twentyfold. In the Lake Chad Basin, incursions and violent incidents remain common, leading to additional displacement and needs.