Humanitarians respond to changing patterns of displacement
The conflict in Yemen has been characterized by cycles of displacement and return. As many as 4 million people have been displaced and remain displaced since the start of the conflict. Over 2.5 million people were displaced in 2015 and 2016, at the start of the conflict, and another 327,924 were displaced in 2017. Over 730,000 people were displaced in 2018 - conflict on the western coast around Al Hodeidah port in the second half of the year forced 684,948 people to flee, mainly from Al Hodeidah and Hajjah. In 2019, following the Stockholm Agreement and the decrease in hostilities around Al Hodeidah, fighting in Hajjah, Al Dhale’e and Taizz led to new patterns of displacement.
Many people displaced in 2018 headed to Sana’a City. In contrast, displacement in 2019 was more localized, with households staying closer to their usual place of residence and placing a burden on smaller population centres within the same governorate. In 2019, almost half of the families displaced were living in informal settlements, whereas in 2018 the largest proportion of displaced families stayed in rented accommodation or with host families.
Humanitarian partners continue to respond to the needs of internally displaced people (IDPs) and provide RRM kits to the recently displaced – comprising ready to eat food, hygiene and transit kits – to meet immediate needs. In 2019, UNFPA provided RRM kits to 176,937 families in 2019 (1,238,599 people), 103 per cent of its target.