According to the 2020 Humanitarian Response Plan, a total of 6 million people were in urgent need of food assistance across Zimbabwe both in rural and urban areas. In addition, 1.5 million small holder farmers needed season-sensitive emergency crop and livestock input assistance.
The increased rural and urban caseload due to COVID-19 of 200,000 brought the total target to 4.6 million people, according to the HRP COVID-19 Addendum.
According to the WFP December food security update, prices of basic food commodities in Zimbabwean dollars (ZWL) terms continued their upward trend for maize grain and maize meal, recording a 6 per cent increase, while prices for vegetable oil and sugar beans had remained stable in comparison to November 2020. In general prices of basic food commodities were recording a month on month increase of less than 10 per cent since October. The relative stable price trends in ZWL terms is in line with stabilized foreign exchange rates. The annual inﬂation declined for a fourth consecutive month: from 838 per cent in July to 402 per cent in November 2020 and from 977 per cent in July to 472 per cent in October 2020 for food inflation.
The latest IPC analysis for the rural areas indicated a reduction in the numbers of acutely food-insecure people facing crisis or worse (IPC Phases 3 or above) conditions during October to December 2020 (2.6 million) and January to March 2021 (3.4 million), when compared to the previous analysis (4.3 million from February to June 2020). In the absence of large-scale humanitarian food assistance programmes currently ongoing in the country, more households would likely be in a worse-off food security situation. The food insecurity is primarily due to shocks and hazards experienced in the country such as drought, reduced livelihood opportunities due to restrictions linked to COVID-19, pests and diseases, and high food prices.
An outbreak of the fall army warm (FAW) was reported in all districts in the country. Cultural, biological, physical methods of management being encouraged alongside chemical control.
FSL Cluster partners reached 1.4 million people with either in-kind food distribution, cash or vouchers modality in October 2020 in both rural and urban areas. Among them, 986,000 people received in-kind food assistance and 44,000 cash-based assistance in rural zones, while the remaining 385,000 received cash-based support in urban areas. Concurrently, 293,000 people were supported with agriculture and livelihood assistance. This includes 136,000 and 10,000 people who received crop and livestock inputs respectively, 65,000 people supported with extension and advisory services to manage crop pests and livestock diseases and 77,000 assisted with asset rehabilitation.
In November, WFP’s Rural Lean Season Assistance (LSA) programme was scaled up to reach over 1.2 million people, while the urban areas WFP resilience programme reached around 250,000 people.
The Government is planning to undertake the First Round Crop and Livestock assessment which will come up with estimates on area planted, crop stage and condition as well as the livestock situation report.
According to the Financial Tracking Service (FTS), only $151.5 million of the $498.4 million (30 per cent) total requested budget for the revised FSL Cluster HRP 2020 was received.