More than 30,000 people remain displaced in camps and host communities. Out of the total number of internally displaced people (IDP), 198 Cyclone Idai-affected households (909 people) are living in four camps, where living conditions are exposing them to serious protection and health risks.
Tent conditions that have deteriorated with some worn out, exposing IDPs to health risk. Food availability and accessibility remains a major challenge across the camps, as well as health services and with COVID-19 as IDPs movement restrictions, livelihood activities have been seriously affected reliable sources of revenue.
There is an urgent need to support IDPs with livelihood activities, to be able to have a sustainable income.
Water access is a major concern since WASH facilities are deteriorating in the camps and surrounding communities, and 135 boreholes and 25 dip tanks were reported affected, compromising accessibility to water for several communities.
Protection issues are on the raise, there is a need to assist with Mental Health and Psychosocial Support (MHPSS) as well as to review the welfare of IDPs.
The relocation strategy is in progress, but there are some concerns about not meeting the deadline before the rainy season compromising the safety of IDPs.
There is a need for advocacy with Government to strengthen community-based reporting structures/referral mechanisms to ensure migrants returning to IDPs communities are screened and not exposing already vulnerable people.
There is a need to ensure PPE available in the camps as the IDPs are also at risk of contracting COVID-19 due to their living environment.
Leading the Shelter/CCCM cluster, IOM has been advocating for durable solutions for displaced populations to ensure that basic needs of IDPs and host communities are addressed and included in the COVID-19 national response plan.
IOM is assisting already vulnerable communities and displaced populations from protracted crisis through a new shelter intervention that will assist IDPs in camps and host communities by ensuring appropriate housing space and decongestion of displacement sites with poor living conditions, to avoid the spread of the virus and provide a digniﬁed way of living after over one year of displacement. The shelter intervention is targeting 674 displaced households in camps and host communities (224 displaced households in the four camps, 250 households in Chimanimani, and 200 households in Chipingue).
Beneficiaries were sensitized on their roles and the need to prepare the appropriate sites for the construction of shelters. Among the beneficiaries, local builders were also identified in respective communities and a training was conducted to ensure shelter standards are met. With the new land at the relocation site in Vumba being ready to start construction, Ministry of Local Government and Public Works is providing tents that will house builders/carpenters from the IDP camps at the construction site for the duration of transitional shelter construction works .
IOM is ensuring regular coordination meetings between IDP committees and Government authorities, so IDPs can start constructing and preparing livelihood activities. The operationalization of the relocation plan is ongoing, with IOM supporting the Government to start constructions and ensure the relocation of IDPs before the next rainy season.
With shelter materials on site and allocated to beneficiaries according to the shelter disposition in the area, constructions are planned in December 2020 before the rainy season to provide a durable solution to the affected population and release tension on the host communities.
DRR activities are ongoing through various partners in the Cyclone Idai affected areas to ensure Emergence Response Plans are updated and mechanisms are in place to build back safer and ensure preparedness for future shocks.
IOM presence in the camps is constant, ensuring coordination meetings, feedback mechanism and accountability to affected population.
Family Aids Caring Trust (FACT) under the Humanitarian Assistance to Cyclone Survivors Project distributed food and non-food items (NFI) to IDPs in the four camps and will sustain food distributions until January 2021. They will continue to support the IDPs even after they have moved to the new relocation site.
There is an urgent need to ensure IDPs have constant access to medical services and health facilities, and to increase mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) tailored for COVID-19 distress for IDPs and affected communities.
In all IDP camps there is a need to work on modalities of improving security systems in the camps to curb thefts and vandalism.
The impact of COVID-19 has increased the vulnerability of IDPs in camps and some women and girls are resorting to negative coping mechanisms resulting in an increase of protection issues, there is a need to reinforced GBV and PSEA awareness and strengthen community health workers capacity to respond to the affected population.
Reinforced surveillance needs to be strengthened through community leaders. There is need for more COVID-19 awareness campaigns in the camps to ensure communities are educated on health and preventive measures, particularly since there are now COVID-19 positive cases within the camps and surrounding communities are receiving migrants’ returnees, and the need to cope with the socio-economic impact and the loss of livelihoods resulting in increased cross border trading activities.