Zimbabwe

Situation Report

Cluster Status

Camp Coordination and Camp Management / Shelter and NFIs

43,352
displaced pple in camps & host communities

Needs

  • More than 43,000 people remain displaced in camps and host communities. Out of the total number of IDPs, 198 Cyclone Idai-affected households (909 people) are living in four camps, where living conditions are exposing them to serious protection and health risks.

  • Tent conditions that have deteriorated with some worn out exposing IDPs to health risk. Food availability and accessibility remains a major challenge across all the three camps and with COVID-19 as IDP`s movement restrictions, livelihood activities have been seriously affected reliable sources of revenue.

  • There is an urgent need to support IDPs with livelihood activities, to be able to have a sustainable income.

  • Water access is a major concern since WASH facilities are deteriorating in the camps and surrounding communities.

  • IDPs in camps are facing water and livestock challenges, with cattle destroying sanitation facilities whilst goats feed on vegetables gardens.

  • Protection issues are on the raise, there is a need to assist with Mental Health and Psychosocial Support (MHPSS) as well as to review the welfare issue of IDPs.

  • Those remaining in the camps and those affected and displaced people accommodated in host communities or in makeshift structures already worn out for the protracted crisis need shelter support.

  • Since the beginning of lockdown, Chipingue and Chimanimani District are the among the high migrant/ returnee receiving districts, with 11 active cases in the district and at least one positive case in one on the camps. There is a need to reinforce hygiene practice and health promotion in the camps to avoid the spread of the disease.

  • There is a need for advocacy with Government to strengthen community-based reporting structures/referral mechanisms to ensure migrants returning to IDPs communities are screened and not exposing already vulnerable people.

Response

  • Leading the Shelter/CCCM cluster, IOM has been advocating for durable solutions for displaced populations to ensure that basic needs of IDPs and host communities are addressed and included in the COVID-19 national response plan.

  • IOM is assisting already vulnerable communities and displaced populations from protracted crisis through a new shelter intervention that will assist IDPs in camps and host communities by ensuring appropriate housing space and decongestion of displacement sites with poor living conditions, to avoid the spread of the virus and provide a dignified way of living after over one year of displacement.

  • The Government of Zimbabwe is accelerating the preparation of land and services at the new relocation site in Vumba. Providing technical capacity to the Government, IOM is supporting the relocation process and assist with camp coordination and camp management ensuring that IDPs have access to basic services. The operationalization of the relocation plan is ongoing, with IOM supporting the Government to start constructions and ensure the relocation of IDPs before the next rainy season.

  • Free medical services are provided by WHO in Aboretum, Nyamatanda and Garikai IDP camps, and Kopa the informal camp, with routine exercises by a health team constituting of 1 doctor, 2 nurses, 1 pharmacist, 1 laboratory technician and 1 environmental health technician.

  • Miracle Mission distributed food hampers to 497 IDP households. The Ministry of Women Affairs supported three groups of IDPs living in camps with income generating projects of poultry and sewing machines at Aboretum and Nyamatanda IDP camps. IDPs in the camps are venturing in various income generating activities (IGAs) such as poultry, rabbitry, gardening, petty trading among other activities to cope with the economic challenges.

  • IOM held meetings with the IDP committee members from Aboretum, Nyamatanda and Garikai, to discuss needs and gaps in the assistance and ensure regular communication with Government authorities.

  • Feedback mechanisms and support lines are in the progress targeting in IDPs in camps and host communities to ensure feedback is facilitated and protection issues are addressed, and to guarantee accountability to affected populations (AAP).

Gaps

  • There is an urgent need to ensure IDPs have access to medical services and health facilities, and to increase mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) tailored for COVID-19 distress for IDPs and affected communities.

  • Reinforced surveillance needs to be strengthened through community leaders. There is need for more COVID-19 awareness campaigns in the camps to ensure communities are educated on health and preventive measures, particularly since there are now COVID-19 positive cases within the camps and surrounding communities are receiving migrants’ returnees, and the need to cope with the socio- economic impact and the loss of livelihoods resulting in increased cross border trading activities.

URL:

Downloaded: