Burundi

Icegeranyo c'ivyabaye

Inkuru nyamukuru

  • "Uguheba iguhugu canje c’amavukiro be n’umuryango biri mu bintu vyantuntuje gose"
  • Ingwara ya Cholera i Burundi : "birampimbara, umuryango wanje wose warakize"
  • Ishirajamwe mpuzamakungu rya ONU ryitaho amagara y’abantu OMS ryatanze ibikoresho mu ntumbero yo kugwanya ingwara zivyaduka zitandukanye harimwo na Ebola
  • Ishirahamwe UNICEF rikora ibikorwa bitandukanye kuvyerekeye amazi, be n’isuku mu kugwanya ingwara ya choléra
  • Icegeranyo ku ngorane zisaba ubufasha (ukwezi kwa gitugutu 2019)
Abarwayi bavugwa n’abaganga bakora mw'ishirahamwe ry'abaganga batagira imbibe (MSF) be n’abaforoma mu kigo kijejwe kurwanya cholera c’i Bujumbura © Evrard Ngendakumana. Burundi, novembre 2019.
Abarwayi bavugwa n’abaganga bakora mw'ishirahamwe ry'abaganga batagira imbibe (MSF) be n’abaforoma mu kigo kijejwe kurwanya cholera c’i Bujumbura © Evrard Ngendakumana. Burundi, novembre 2019.

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Burundi

Icegeranyo c'ivyabaye

Ibiharuro nyamukuru

1,77M
Abantu bakeneye gufashwa
710K
Abantu bazoronswa imfashanyo

URL:

Yuguruwe:

Burundi

Icegeranyo c'ivyabaye

Amafaranga

$106.3M
Amafaranga akenewe
$68.8M
Amafaranga amaze kuboneka
65%
Urugero rw'amafaranga yabonetse
FTS

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Yuguruwe:

Mudukeneye

Jutta Hinkkanen

Uwurongoye ibiro mpuzamakungu bijejwe kwegeranya inyishu zijanye n'ugufasha abahuye n'ingorane mu Burundi OCHA

Lauriane Wolfe

Uwujejwe gutanga amakuru mw'ishirahamwe rya OCHA mu Burundi

Burundi

Icegeranyo c'ivyabaye
Inkuru iramvuye

"Uguheba iguhugu c’amavukiro be n’umuryango biri mu bintu vyantuntuje gose"

Kuva mu mwaka w’i 2002, uburundi bwamye bwakira impunzi ziva mugihugu kibanyi ca Congo (RDC). Izo mpunzi zikaba zigera ku bihumbi 84 469. Abenshi bakaba bahunze intambara ziri mu gihugu zihuza imirwi y’abagwanyi iri mu ntara za Kivu y’uburaruko n’ubumanuko. Murabo harimwo abahungiye mu bisagara bagera ku bihumbi 34 528, abenshi muribo bakaba baba muri meri ya bujumbura na canecane muma zone ya Kamenge, Kinama na Buterere. Abasigaye n’abo bangana ibice 57 kw’ijana bakaba baba mu makambi y’impunzi ari hagati mu gihugu.

Benshi murizo mpunzi bakavugako bahunze umutekano muke na canecane muntara za kivu bitewe n’ingwano zikunze kuhavugirwa hagati yaba mai mai be n’aba rebelles baza bavuye mubihugu bibanyi.

Bernard n’umwe muribo, w’imyaka mirong’itatu arubatse afise n’abana babiri yashitse i Burundi mu mwaka w’ 2013 aciye kurubibe ruri hagati ya congo n’uburundi.

Ihoteterwa n’iterabwoba

Kuva mubihumbi 2006, umurwi w’abagwanyi b’aba Mai Mai waragerarageje gusaba abasore b’inguvu kuza kubafasha urugamba rwo kugwanya imigwi yatera mu gihugu ca congo RDC). Ariko bamwe muribo ntibavyakiriye neza bamye babigwanya. Niho mu mwaka w’ibihumbi 2010, Berenari n’abo bagendana batangura amasekeza y’ukwigisha urwaruka ngo ntirwumvire abo bagwanyi ahubwo rwiteho amashure yo azobatunga muri kazoza kabo n’ak’imiryango yabo. Ivyo bikorwa vyaratumye babonwa nabi naba Mai Mai babafashe nkaho bariko barafasha umwansi gutsinda. Baca batangura kubahiga

Ubuhungiro

N’aho haciye imyaka itandatu, Berenari aracibuka ivyo yaciyemwo, agira ati « guheba igihugu c’amavuka be n’umuryango wanje vyarantuntuje gose ». Amaze guhingiraq kwa mushikiwe yaba miyindi ntara aho nyene muri RDC, abo basoda bagumye bamurondera baratinda baramufata arafungwa incuro zibiri zose.

Niho yigira umugambi w’uguhunga akaja mugihugu c’uburundi aho yakiriwe n’umugenzi w’umuryango wiwe. Nkuko avyivugira « uyo mugenzi yaramurokoye »

Ukwibeshaho mu Burundi

Haciye amezi abiri asavy’indaro, nyene kuyimuha yaramuhanuyeko yokwiyandikisha ku biro vya ONU vyitaho impunzi kugire asabe ubuhungiro yongere afashwe. « Ubu ndumukozi ndigisha bitamvunye. Nivyo ubuzima bw’ubuhungiro ntibworoshe, buhoro buhoro bizokunda »

Impunzi z’abakongomani zirenga ibihumbi 36 000 zahunze igihugu ca congo zarakiriwe mu Burundi. Ibice 98% baba muri meri ya bujumbura na canecane muma commine ata buryo bunini afise nka za kamenge kinama na buterere. Mu gushigikira inguvu za Reta y’uburundi, ibicishije ku biro vy’igihugu bijejwe gufasha impunzi ONPRA, Ishirahamwe mpuzamakungu rya ONU rikurikirana ivy’impunzi rirakingira rikongera rigatanga imfashanyo ku mpuzi ziri munkambi zitandukanye.

N’aho biruko, uburyo buke be n’ubuzima buzimvye birakunda gutuma izo mpuzi zidafashwa nkuko bikwiye ku bijanye n’ukwivuza, ukwiga bigatuma basinzikara gusumba. Mu mwaka wa 2020, amafaranga ashika ku miriyoni 23 n’ibice 4 vy’amafaranga y’amadorari niyo azokenerwa kugirango izo mpunzi zironswe ivyo zifuza.

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Burundi

Icegeranyo c'ivyabaye
Inkuru iramvuye
Daniel yaragwariye mu kigo kijejwe kwakira abagwayi ba cholera (CTC) i Bujumbura. Yaravuwe  © Evrard Ngendakumana. Burundi, munyonyo  2019.
Daniel yaragwariye mu kigo kijejwe kwakira abagwayi ba cholera (CTC) i Bujumbura. Yaravuwe © Evrard Ngendakumana. Burundi, munyonyo 2019.

Ingwara ya choléra i Burundi : "birampimbara umuryango wanje wose warakize"

Kuva mu kwezi kwa ruheshi 2019, u Burundi bwemezako igwara ya choléra yateye abantu bagera ku gihumbi nibo bamaze gufatwa muribo indwi barapfuye. Benshi murabo bagwayi bari muri meri ya bujumbura hagakurikira Cibitokz be na Isale muri bujumbura rural.

Uyu mwaka , bwabaye ubwa mbere iyo ngwara yibonekeza, aho intara z’ubuvuzi zigera kuri cumi zafashwe n’iyo ngwara.

N’ingwara yandukira cane gose, ikaba yandukira biciye kumazirantoke aba asanzwe ari mu mazi y’ibidengeri canke adatemba. Iratera izindi ndwara z’ugucibwamwo be n’uguhitwa kandi itera umwumwa bidatevye, umurwayi atanyarutse kwa muganga iramuhitana mumasaha makeyi

« Abana babiri banje barayigwaye kumusi w’Imana baca batangura gucibwamwo », nkuko sandrine abisigura, umwe mubagwariye mu kigo kijejwe kuvura ingwara ya choléra c’abaganga batagira imbibe MSF i Bujumbura.

Ikigo cambere natwayemwo abana banje ntibiyumviriye yuko ari cholera babifashe yuko ari gucibwamwo bisanzwe. Ariko amagara yabandanije abakika, tuca tubazana muri rusehabaniha ngaha. Ku musi ugira kabiri, uyundi mwana wanje aba yinjijwe ibitaro adusanga aho twari tugwariye. Mu nyuma nanje naciye mfatwa ndinjira ibitaro.

Gushikira abaganga hakiri kare

Kuva na kera cholera yamye ifata nimiburiburi abantu bari hagati ya 200 na 250 kumwaka basanzwe baba ku nkengera y’ikiyaga ca Tanganyika be n’uruzi Rusizi. Uko imyaka itandatu ihaciye, igihugu kironka abafatwa benshi cane. Mu mwaka wa 2013, abantu bagera kuri 936 nibo banduye iyo ngwara na canecane mu  ntara za Bubanza na Cibitoke, aho abantu 17 aribo bahitatanywe niyo ngwara

« Kuruyu mwaka, iyo ngwara yarakaze gose icitandukira n’igisagara ca bujumbura, igisagara kibamwo abantu benshi nkuko, Julien Binet, aserukira ishirahamwe ry’abaganga batagira imbibe MSF abivuga. « Turavye ubukare be n’impanuka zoterwa n’iyo ngwara, twaciye tuja hamwe n’ababijejwe kugira dufate mumugongo ibigo bijejwe gukingira cholera »

MSF rikaba riri mumashirahamwe makuru asanzwe afasha cane ivy’ugtabara mugihe hateye ibiza kandi irashigira ubushikiranganji b’amagara y’abantu mukuvura abagwayi ba cholera gushika bakire. MSF iratana kandi inyigisho kuba foroma, iratanga imiti, irahamiriza mu kibano aho bikenewe naho ikubaka ibigo canke ivuriro rito ryakira abagwayi ba cholera.

Ikindi kigo i Bujumbura

Ubu, MSF ifasha ibigo bitatu vyo gukinga ingwara ya cholera mu Burundi. Abakozi bayo bajejwe gukurikirana no kwigisha abaforoma b’igihugu. Intumbero nyamukuru nuko abagwayi bavugwa bakongereza ubumenyi bw’abaganga. Kubera cholera iterwa n’isuku rike rifatiye kukubura amazi, MSF yaratanze amazi menshi i Bujumbura, mu Rugombo na Ndava mu ntara ya Cibitoke.

Ikigo ikinga cholera giheruka kwugururwa muri gitugutu i Bujumbura. Gifashwe mu mugongo na MSF, ico kigo gifise uburyo bwo kwakira bungana n’ibitanda 50, kikaba cabaye ikigo c’akarorero ngaha mu gisagara ca Bujumbura.

« Umukobwa wanje yashitse aremvye atinanata, afise n’induru ivugira mu matwi, kandi acibwamwo akanayorwa cane, nkuko chany abisigura, umwana wiwe y’imyaka itatu shemsu haheze imisi asohotse ibitaro. Vyamufashe igihe gito kugira akire iyo ngwara abifashijwemwo n’abaganga bo muri ico kigo.

Uguhimiriza, birafise akamaro

Guhimiriza abanyagihugu mu Burundi kugira bikingire ingwara ya cholera birafise akamaro kenshi. N’aho hacibonekeza ibibazo bijanye n’isuku, no kuronka amazi mu Burundi, inyifato zimwe zimwe zirafasha kwirinda iyo ngwara

Abavuzi bafatikanije na MSF barabandanya guhimiriza abanyagihugu gukurikiza inyifato zibereye kugira bikingire cholera n’ibimenyetso vyerekana ko umuntu yandukiwe n’iyo ngwara.

"Umuryango wose waranduye choléra », bivugwa na Zacharia, yasohotse ibitaro vy’i Bujumbura kw’igenekerezo rya 14 munyonyo amaze indwi yose bamuha amazi y’ubuzima n’imiti. « Ikimpimbara, abanje bose barakize, uumuryango ubu uritaho gukaraba mu minwe kuko arumugenzo ukuza. Nabandi bose bari bakwiye kubimenya… »

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Yuguruwe:

Burundi

Icegeranyo c'ivyabaye
Inkuru iramvuye
Ishirahamwe mpuzamakungu OMS yahaye u Burundi ama toni atandatu y’ibikoresho bizofasha kwa muganga
Ishirahamwe mpuzamakungu OMS yahaye u Burundi ama toni atandatu y’ibikoresho bizofasha kwa muganga

Ishirahamwe mpuzamakungu OMS yahaye u Burundi ama toni atandatu y’ibikoresho bizofasha kwa muganga

Ishirahamwe mpuzamakungu ryitaho amagara y’abantu OMS ryaratanze imfashanyo y’ama toni atandatu y’ibikoresho vyo kwa muganga kuri reta y’u Burundi kugirango bize bifashe mu gukinga ibiza vy’ingwara zishobora gutera be n’ikiza ca Ebola.

Ifashijwe n’igisata c’amagara y’abantu, ishirahamwe OMS ririzera yuko iyo mfashanyo hampande y’izindi zimaze gutangwa n’amashirahamwe mpuzamakungu izoshigikira mu gukinga ikiza ca Ebola mu burundi

Ivyo bikoresho harimwo :

- Imyambaro iri mw ‘isashe be n’ibikoresho vyo kwikingira, Ibikoresho birimwo ububati, ibitanda, be n’amamatela, amasabuni y’amazi yo gukaraba iminwe, Agasakoshi kabika ibikoresho vyo kwa muganga, Imiti hamwe n’ibikoresho vyo guter’imiti

Kuva batangaje yuko ku ncuro ya cumi hibonekeje mu gihugu kibanyi ca Congo ingwara ya Ebola hari muri myandagaro 2018, ibikorwa vyo kwitegura vyaciye bitangura aha mu Burundi. Ibikoresho, imiti vyarafashije kugirango uruja n’uruza ku mipaka na canecane hasuzumwe kugirango hakingirwe ntihagire umurwayi yinjira adapimwe.

Ivyo vyose vyashobotse kuburyo bwatanzwe n’ishirahamwe ry’abanyamerika USAID rijejwe iterambere, DFID ry’ubumwe bw’ingoma y’ubwongereza hamwe na ca kigega puzamakungu CERF gifasha mu bihe nkivyi hadutse ibiza. Iyo mfashanyo yarimwo ibikoresho bizoshigwa ku mipaka 15 be n’ibitaro biri mubibanza bikarirwa.

Ishirahamwe mpuzamakungu OMS naryo rikaba ryuhiriye mugutanga amama y’imiti angana ku bihumbi 93 600 y’umuti wa  Artéméther-lumefantrine, uzwi cane mu gukinga ingwara ya malariya yatanguye kwibonekeza ku rugero runini muri rusama 2019. Iyo mfashanyo kandi isahirije iyo ubushikirangije bw’amagara y’abantu no kurwanya ikiza ca sida buhora butanga nko mu gutera imiti mu ngo, mu gutanga imisegetera irimwo umuti wica imibu be n’uguhimiriza abanyagihugu ingene bokwikingira iyo ngwara.

OMS yaratanze n’abahinga bazokora ivyigwa kubitera ingwara ya malariya n’icatumye iyo ngwara ihaguma kuva mu ntango za 2019 mu ntumbero yoshikiriza icokorwa kugira bagwanye iyo ngwara. Urwo rugendo rukaba ruhurikiyemwe abajejwe ivyo gukurikirana ingwara,  n’abajejwe kwiga ibituma. Bakaba bazoshika mu ntara zasinzikajwe n’iyo ngwara gusumba izindi.

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Burundi

Icegeranyo c'ivyabaye
Inkuru iramvuye
Ibomba ry’amazi ryashinzwe n’ishirahamwe mpuzamakungu UNICEF mu ntara ya Cibitoke
Ibomba ry’amazi ryashinzwe n’ishirahamwe mpuzamakungu UNICEF mu ntara ya Cibitoke

Ishirahamwe mpuzamakungu UNICEF irashigikira ibikorwa bifatiye ku mazi, be n’isuku mu ntumbero yo kugwanya ingwara ya choléra

Barikumwe n’ishirahamwe Croix rouge y’i Burundi, abajejwe gukingia abanyagihugu, ishirahamwe « WeWorldGVC », be n’umuhuzabikorwa MSF hamwe n’ubushikiranganji bw’amagara y’abantu, Ishirahamwe UNICEF rirashigikiye abafasha mu bijanye n’isuku be n’amazi meza mu kwikingira ingwara ya Ebola. Ivyo bikorwa vyihatira gukwega amazi, gusuzuma ingene amazi ameze, gukuramwo imigera mu mazi mu bice vyose, gutanga ibikoresho vy’isuju mu ngo zaba ntahonikora be nugutezimbere ivy’isuku mu gukabura ubwenge bw’abaremeshakiyago.

Abarenga abantu ibihumbi 200 000 nibo bashoboye kuronswa amazi meza hakoreshejwe ukayakwega, ibihumbi 12 000 vy’ingo zarakingiwe iyo migera, abarenga ibihumbi 90 000 barahimirijwe kubijanye n’ukugira isuku be n’ukwingira ingwara ya cholera harimwo 2450 babanyeshure bo mumashure mato be n’ayisumbuye.

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Burundi

Icegeranyo c'ivyabaye
Ibicapo

Icegeranyo kijanye n’ingorane zikeneye ubufasha (Gitugutu 2019)

Icegeranyo kijanye n’ingorane zikeneye ubufasha (Gitugutu 2019)

Murabe ngaha ico cegeranyo muri PDF – Icegeranyo kijanye n’ingorane zikeneye ubufasha (Gitugutu 2019)

Ingwara z’ibiza | Kuva mu ntango ya gitugutu, ibitigiri vy’abanduye cholera bitera vyongerekana, bishika ku 400 ugerereranije n’abashika ku majana 200 mu kwezi kwa nyakanga. N’ikiza cambere cibonekeje uyu mwaka, kikaba catanguriye mu ntara z’uburaruko n’uburengero n’aho mu kwambere hibonekeje abamaze gufatwa bake.

Kuva itariki imwe Ruheshi gushika itariki 1 Munyonyo, abantu bangana n’igihumbi na mirongi itanu 1050 nibo banduye, batandatu 6 nabo yarabahitanye. Muri gitugutu, abafashwe na Ebola baragabanutse mu gihugu kibanyi ca congo, reta y’uBurundi n’abayifasha barabandanya kw’ikingira kugira iyo ngwara ntize yinjire mu gihugu. Hagati y’ukwezi kwa Myandagaro na Gitugutu, abavuzi be n’abakorana nabo bagera kubihumbi 4300 nibo bamaze kuronswa urucanco rukinga ingwara ya Ebola. Ibikorwa vy’uguhimiriza kugira abashika ibihumbi 6000 bakorera mu bice bikarigwa kugira baronke incanco birabandanya . Igitigiri c’abahungiye hagati mu gihugu | Dufatiye ku biharuro vyanyuma vya DTM, bahunze izabo bagera ku bihumbi 103 000, bakaba biyongereye gushika ku bice 39 kw’ijana ugereranije n’ukwezi kwa myandagaro 2018. Uguhunguka | Muri Gitugutu, abantu 2 292 nibo bahungutse kubushake bava mu gihugu ca Tanzaniya. Ivyo abo bahungutse bakenera gusumba harimwo 1) ibikoresho vyo mu nzu, 2) kuronka itongo hamwe no kuronka 3) uburaro. Impunzi | Dufatiye ku biharuro bitangwa na HCR, impunzi z’abakongomani zigera ku bihumbi 82 139 nizo ziri mu Burundi muribo abababa 600 nibo bahungira mu gihugu ku kwezi. Ihindagurika ry’ibihe | Uyu mwaka, abantu ibihumbi 18 000 nibo bahuye n’ingorane zifatiye kw’ihinduka ry’ibihe. Ibice 77 kw’ijana muribo bakaba baciye bahunga izabo.

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